We love to see the community create and share new Jupyter Docker images. We’ve put together a cookiecutter project and the documentation below to help you get started defining, building, and sharing your Jupyter environments in Docker.
Following these steps will:
Set up a project on GitHub containing a Dockerfile based on any image we provide.
Configure GitHub Actions to build and test your image when users submit pull requests to your repository.
Configure Docker Hub to host your images for others to use.
Update the list of community stacks in this documentation to include your image.
This approach mirrors how we build and share the core stack images. Feel free to follow it or pave your own path using alternative services and build tools.
Creating a Project#
First, install cookiecutter using pip or mamba:
pip install cookiecutter # or mamba install cookiecutter
Run the cookiecutter command pointing to the jupyter/cookiecutter-docker-stacks project on GitHub.
Enter a name for your new stack image. This will serve as both the git repository name and the part of the Docker image name after the slash.
Enter the user or organization name under which this stack will reside on Docker Hub. You must have access to manage this Docker Hub organization to push images here.
Select an image from the
jupyter/docker-stacks project that will serve as the base for your new image.
Enter a longer description of the stack for your README.
stack_description [my-jupyter-stack is a community-maintained Jupyter Docker Stack image]:
Create a GitHub repository to store your project. Initialize your project as a Git repository and push it to GitHub.
cd <stack_name you chose> git init git add . git commit -m 'Seed repo' git remote add origin <url from github> git push -u origin main
Exploring GitHub Actions#
By default, the newly
.github/workflows/docker.yamlwill trigger the CI pipeline whenever you push to your
mainbranch and when any Pull Requests are made to your repository. For more details on this configuration, visit the GitHub actions documentation on triggers.
Go to your repository and click on the Actions tab. From there, you can click on the workflows on the left-hand side of the screen.
First run is expected to fail, because we haven’t yet added Docker credentials to push the image
In the next screen, you will see information about the workflow run and duration. If you click the button with the workflow name again, you will see the logs for the workflow steps.
Configuring Docker Hub#
Now, configure Docker Hub to build your stack image and push it to the Docker Hub repository whenever you merge a GitHub pull request to the main branch of your project.
Visit https://hub.docker.com/ and log in.
Create a new repository - make sure to use the correct namespace (account or organization). Enter the name of the image matching the one you entered when prompted with
stack_nameby the cookiecutter.
Enter a description for your image.
Click on your avatar in the top-right corner and select Account settings.
Click on Security and then click on the New Access Token button.
Enter a meaningful name for your token and click on Generate
Copy the personal access token displayed on the next screen.
You will not be able to see it again after you close the pop-up window.
Head back to your GitHub repository and click on the Settings tab.
Click on the Secrets and variables->Actions section and then on the New repository secret button in the top right corner.
Create a DOCKERHUB_TOKEN secret and paste the Personal Access Token from Docker Hub in the value field.
Now you’re ready to go and you can restart a failed workflow.
Defining Your Image#
Make edits to the Dockerfile in your project to add third-party libraries and configure Jupyter applications. Refer to the Dockerfiles for the core stacks (e.g., jupyter/datascience-notebook) to get a feel for what’s possible and the best practices.
Submit pull requests
to your project repository on GitHub.
Ensure your image builds correctly on GitHub actions before merging to the main branch.
Refer to Docker Hub to build the main branch that you can