In order to enforce some rules linters are used in this project. Linters can be run either during the development phase (by the developer) and during integration phase (by Travis). To integrate and enforce this process in the project lifecycle we are using git hooks through pre-commit.

Pre-commit hook


pre-commit is a Python package that needs to be installed. This can be achieved by using the generic task used to install all Python development dependencies.

# Install all development dependencies for the project
$ make dev-env
# It can also be installed directly
$ pip install pre-commit

Then the git hooks scripts configured for the project in .pre-commit-config.yaml need to be installed in the local git repository.

$ make pre-commit-install 


Now pre-commit (and so configured hooks) will run automatically on git commit on each changed file. However it is also possible to trigger it against all files.

$ make pre-commit-all

Image Lint

To comply with Docker best practices, we are using the Hadolint tool to analyse each Dockerfile .


There is a specific make target to install the linter. By default hadolint will be installed in ${HOME}/hadolint.

$ make lint-install

# Installing hadolint at /Users/romain/hadolint ...
# Installation done!
# Haskell Dockerfile Linter v1.17.6-0-gc918759


Per Stack

The linter can be run per stack.

$ make lint/scipy-notebook  

# Linting Dockerfiles in scipy-notebook...
# scipy-notebook/Dockerfile:4 DL3006 Always tag the version of an image explicitly
# scipy-notebook/Dockerfile:11 DL3008 Pin versions in apt get install. Instead of `apt-get install <package>` use `apt-get install <package>=<version>`
# scipy-notebook/Dockerfile:18 SC2086 Double quote to prevent globbing and word splitting.
# scipy-notebook/Dockerfile:68 SC2086 Double quote to prevent globbing and word splitting.
# scipy-notebook/Dockerfile:68 DL3003 Use WORKDIR to switch to a directory
# scipy-notebook/Dockerfile:79 SC2086 Double quote to prevent globbing and word splitting.
# make: *** [lint/scipy-notebook] Error 1

Optionally you can pass arguments to the linter.

# Use a different export format
$ make lint/scipy-notebook ARGS="--format codeclimate"  

All the Stacks

The linter can be run against all the stacks.

$ make lint-all

Ignoring Rules

Sometimes it is necessary to ignore some rules. The following rules are ignored by default and sor for all images in the .hadolint.yaml file.

  • DL3006: We use a specific policy to manage image tags.
    • base-notebook FROM clause is fixed but based on an argument (ARG).
    • Building downstream images from (FROM) the latest is done on purpose.
  • DL3008: System packages are always updated (apt-get) to the latest version.

For other rules, the preferred way to do it is to flag ignored rules in the Dockerfile.

It is also possible to ignore rules by using a special comment directly above the Dockerfile instruction you want to make an exception for. Ignore rule comments look like # hadolint ignore=DL3001,SC1081. For example:
FROM ubuntu

# hadolint ignore=DL3003,SC1035
RUN cd /tmp && echo "hello!"